Historical references

Francisco de Miranda

Born March 28, 1750 in Caracas, Venezuela, died July 14, 1816 in Cádiz, Spain. Venezuelan military and politician, he was the author of several plans for the liberation of the Spanish-American Colonies from the Kingdom of Spain. With his efforts, he helped pave the way for Independence in Venezuela, and with his ideas he greatly influenced the rest of the Latin American countries. He participated in three of the most important political events of the 18th and 19th centuries (Independence of the USA, French Revolution and Independence of the Spanish-American Colonies). He is known as El Precursor, for his contributions in the struggle for Independence, in a continental plan of complex coordination, from Mexico to the Plata, in which he sought to unify the criteria of the conspiracy. Miranda was, without a doubt, “the first Creole with a world historical dimension”, as Mariano Picón Salas called him. He was predecessor of The Liberator Simón Bolívar and other revolutionaries, to whom he opened the door for the creation and consolidation of new republics in Latin America, under the ideas of the Enlightenment.


Václav Havel

Born October 5, 1936, Prague, Czechoslovakia [now in Czech Republic] — died December 18, 2011, Hrádeček, Czech Republic. Czech playwright, poet, and political dissident, who, after the fall of communism, was president of Czechoslovakia (1989–92) and of the Czech Republic (1993–2003). His figure growing with the years, have been reconize everywere in the world. His message of tolerance, peace, human rights, democracy, respect for diversity, freedom, sense of humanity, are a legacy to keep in the new generations. In Latin America and Venezuela, the ideas and message of Havel are highly respected, because of his fight agains totalitarians regimes, sadly still remainding in this region.